The EU Green Strategy for the Western Balkans: Decarbonisation Process and Trends in the Region. What are the options for Kosovo?

September 30, 2021

The paper is divided into five sections. The first one describes the purpose, scope and aims of the EU Green Deal by pinpointing on the one hand the circular economy discourse and the prioritization of the decarbonization process on the other hand. The second section clarifies the need of implementing the Green Deal in the Western Balkans, considering their role as a key trade partner for the European Union, by exporting to Europe materials produced with carbon-emitting and conventional technologies, as briefly outlined above. The third section deals with the commitments and results achieved in the Western Balkans with a view at dealing with the decarbonization process, while committing themselves to downsize CO2 emissions through various formats (i.e., Energy Community, Paris Agreement, EU Climate Law, National Energy and Climate Plans, etc.) and investing in renewable energies. The fourth section clearly outlines that renewables are the way forward, while highlighting the countries’ somehow still consistent reliance – except for Albania – on coal, with Serbia leading the group. The fifth and last section deals with Kosovo lagging far behind its neighbours in terms of usage of renewable energy sources.

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